Of Aidoghie Paulin, Abuja
President Muhammadu Buhari called for an urgent upgrade of the peace and security architecture to ensure peace and stability in Africa.
He made the call during the eighth summit of the Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) in Tunis, Republic of Tunisia.
Buhari, who was represented by Foreign Minister Geoffrey Onyeama, said the conference provided another opportunity for Africans to rub shoulders with brothers and sisters from Japan and also to share experiences on a number of issues. common that affect both continents.
Buhari also said that over the past few years, members have witnessed a number of events that have affected the peace and security of various continents, especially Africa.
He said the events included climate change and global warming, which led to the shrinking of lakes and lakes, including Lake Chad.
Buhari noted that rising water levels in some areas have led to the displacement of entire communities from their natural abode, virtually aggravating the humanitarian crisis on the continent.
“The COVID-19 pandemic has also exposed the vulnerability of our health and rapid response systems. And of course, the conflict between Russia and Ukraine has weakened and continues to threaten global food security.
“As if all this were not enough, Africa is facing violent extremist and terrorist attacks in all parts of the continent. This situation is further exacerbated by the rise of unconstitutional changes of governments in parts of the continent. Thus, the development and growth of the African continent are increasingly seriously undermined by insecurity.
“In Nigeria for example, the activities of terrorists, bandits and kidnappers have led to the displacement of several communities, disrupting the productive activities of our people.
“There is no doubt that peace and development are two sides of the same coin. Peace is necessary to bring about development and provide the necessary infrastructure for our countries. In other words, strengthening peace and stability is a prerequisite for development. It is in this regard that I wish to take this opportunity to appreciate the efforts of Japanese and other partners to support ongoing efforts to improve maritime and border security.
“Africa must pave the way for lasting peace and stability across the continent. To achieve this, it is more necessary than ever to improve our peace and security architecture. The African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) needs all the support it can garner from our development partners, including Japan,” Buhari said.
Buhari further said that the various security mechanisms supported by the African Union, such as the Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF), the G5 Sahel and the African Standby Force, all needed to be recalibrated to meet the current target of definitively eradicate violent extremism, terrorism and banditry from the continent.
“We hope that this 8th TICAD Summit will rise to the occasion by expanding cooperation and security operations between Africa and Japan, within the framework of the New Approach for Peace and Stability in Africa. (NAPSA), and that Africa benefits from the use of Japanese technology in countering insurgencies on the continent,” Buhari said.