Copenhagen-based Danish maritime architecture firm MAST has proposed a new floating architecture system that can feature adaptable and climate-resistant living units on the water.
Called Land on Water, the new vision was developed by MAST with support from Hubert Rhomberg and venture studio Fragile to find alternative and efficient ways to live on water in response to rising sea levels in the world.
MAST’s new system consists of floating floating modules made of recycled reinforced plastic, in which the modules can be transported and assembled anywhere in the world in countless configurations.
According to MAST, the system offers a much more promising solution for building housing or infrastructure on water – from floating homes in Seattle to floating campsites in the center of the Oslo Fjord, to saunas by the river in Hobart.
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“A very flexible solution”
“Growing recognition of sea level rise and an increased risk of urban flooding have contributed to a surge in interest in building over water, but current solutions, including concrete foundations filled with polystyrene and the pontoons made of plastic, are rigid, difficult to transport and very unsustainable,” MAST said in its project description.
“Land on Water promises an entirely new, sustainable and highly flexible solution.”
To create this system, MAST is inspired by the method of building gabion cages, “an ancient technology uses lattice cages filled with rubble to create extremely sturdy and inexpensive foundations”.
The studio has reversed the same concept to form modular cages that can be filled with recycled and locally sourced flotation materials supporting the weight of any structure built on top.
As MAST points out, this system also has a unique advantage. For example, flotation material can be added or adjusted at any time if a weight is added on top or if something changes in the balance of the weight.
Since the current system solutions on the market offer other materials such as concrete foundations filled with polystyrene and plastic pontoons, MAST finds these systems to be rigid, difficult to transport and very unsustainable to use.
Thanks to the sustainable materials and the newly developed Land on Water construction system, the new system provides a safer floating foundation for housing and infrastructure construction.
“Land on water also promises a much better underwater environment than existing solutions,” MAST added.
“While steel and concrete foundations are typically treated with toxic antifouling paints, Land on water provides an ideal habitat for fish and crustaceans and an anchor point for molluscs and algae,” the office added. .
According to MAST, the project “promises a resilient and climate-adaptive solution for the construction of new floating buildings”, while it could also lead to a whole new type of off-grid, dynamic and organic floating community.
The project could be an alternative solution to the large planned floating cities, which are currently under development and repeat several mistakes made by urban planners in the middle of the 20th century.
A similar concept includes the Oceanix Busan master plan designed by BIG and Samoo, developed by UN-Habitat, the Busan Metropolitan City of the Republic of Korea and a New York-based blue technology company Oceanix as a resilient and weather-resistant prototype. floods.
Another example of floating communities was the Makoko Floating School designed by NLÉ in Makoko Aquatic Community, Lagos.
Copenhagen-based practice MAST, founded in 2021 by Australian architect Marshall Blecher and Danish maritime designer and architect Magnus Maarbjerg, works with water to create innovative, open and sustainable spaces.
The Copenhagen Islands, a group of floating islands, is another key MAST project. The studio has developed a new type of urban space for the port of Copenhagen, Denmark.
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