Baku, April 22, AZERTAC
The 11th-century Grand Mosque and Hospital of Divrigi, located in the province of Sivas in southwestern Turkey, was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985.
According to UNESCO, this region of Anatolia was conquered by the Turks at the beginning of the 11th century. In 1228-1229, Emir Ahmet Shah founded a mosque, with its adjoining hospital, in Divrigi.
With its unique prayer hall and twin domes, the mosque exhibits a “highly sophisticated technique of vaulting and a creative and exuberant type of decorative carving – especially on the three doors, unlike the unadorned walls of the interior” . describes the “unique features of this masterpiece of Islamic architecture”.
Founded by Emir Mengücekid Ahmed Shah following the victory of the Seljuk Turks over the Byzantine army at the Battle of Malazgirt in 1071, the mosque is externally dominated by the pointed-roofed hexagonal dome over its mihrab (prayer niche). , a cupola above the ablutions basin in the center of the prayer hall and elaborately carved stone monumental portals to the north and west.
The adjoining hospital, the Darush-shifa, was founded by Ahmet Shah’s wife, Turan Melek, and designed by the architect Hurrem Shah, in 1228-1229.
It is accessed through a monumental ornately carved stone portal to the west, leading to a double-height atrium formed by four massive pillars supporting a dome with an oculus above a central basin, around which are the chambers of ‘hospital.
The highly sophisticated technique of vault construction and a creative and exuberant type of decorative carving – especially on the three doors, unlike the unadorned walls of the interior – are the unique characteristics of this masterpiece of the Islamic architecture.
The variety of carved decoration indicates that it was made by different groups of craftsmen. The main feature of the designs presented in the portals is their uniqueness: each is distinct from other decorations. Besides the portals, all the bases, shafts and capitals of the columns, as well as the inner surface of the dome and the vaults, were decorated in a distinct and unique style.
There are no other examples of three-dimensional, intricate geometric styles and flowing plant figures. The vault of the hospital hall is scientifically comparable to that of the prayer hall of the mosque and shares the splendid unity of the Grand Mosque.
With a unique artistic achievement, this cultural property alone represents one of the most beautiful built spaces of Islamic architecture.
AZERTAG.AZ :Great Mosque and Hospital of Divrigi – magnificent masterpieces of Islamic architecture in Turkey protected by UNESCO
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